Millions of people suffer from acute or chronic pain every year. Pain can result in hospitalization, high outpatient visits, and reduced ability to function normally, leading to lost income and insurance coverage. Pain is caused due to a wide range of conditions and injuries but chronic pain may become a disease in itself.
Some conditions may have tenderness as a side effect as in cancer pain. But in some cases, a sting may be the primary problem, such as neuropathic pains or headaches. Back pain is the leading cause of disability in Americans under 45 years old. Low back pain, neck pain, and headaches are the most common pains reported by patients.
Here are a few conditions that commonly cause pain.
Degenerative Disc Disease
Degenerative Disc Disease is a weakening of the vertebral discs that act as a cushion between the vertebrae. This can occur due to aging or injury to the back. As a result, discs may bulge out of position or herniate, pinching surrounding nerves and causing tenderness.
Radiculopathy is an irritation or compression of one or more nerve roots in the lower or lumbar spine. Since these nerves travel to the hips, buttocks, legs, and feet, an injury in the lower back can cause ache in these areas. Radiculopathy or Sciatica may result from a variety of problems with the bones and tissues of the lower spinal column.
Vertebral Compression Fractures
A Vertebral Compression Fracture is a collapse of vertebral bone, typically in the mid or lower back, changing the shape of the spine and causing soreness. A vertebra fracture usually occurs due to weakened bones (osteoporosis), but trauma or excessive pressure can cause a VCF.
The facet joints are lined with cartilage and are surrounded by a lubricating capsule that enables the vertebrae to bend and twist and help stabilize the spine while limiting excessive motion. Facet Arthritis or Facet Joint Syndrome is a degeneration of the facet joints.
Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy
RSD or reflex sympathetic dystrophy is an unexplained feeling of sting and discomfort that most commonly affects an arm, leg, hand, or foot. Often, it begins in the hand or foot and then spreads to affect the entire limb.
Modern, minimally invasive interventional throbbing treatments now offer lasting relief in the above-mentioned and other conditions. Treatments such as nerve blocks, pain pumps, steroid injections, and radiofrequency ablation have brought long-term relief in many patients.
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