• Wed. Jun 16th, 2021

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How do Tapentadol meds work to treat pain?

Tapentadol is an opioid medication used to treat moderate to severe pain.

The extended-release form of this medicine (Nucynta ER) is for around-the-clock treatment of pain that is not controlled by other medicines. This form of tapentadol is not for use on an as-needed basis for pain.

This medication is used to help relieve ongoing severe pain. Tapentadol is an opioid pain reliever. It acts on certain centers in the brain to give you pain relief.

How to use Tapentadol Tablet?

  • Take this medication by mouth with or without food as directed by the doctor, usually twice a day (about 12 hours apart). Take this medication on a regular schedule as directed by your doctor, not as needed for sudden (breakthrough) pain.
  • Swallow the tablet whole. Do not crush, break, chew, or dissolve the tablet. Doing so can release all of the drug at once, increasing the risk of side effects.
  • The dosage is based on your medical condition and response to treatment. Do not increase your dose, take the medication more often, or take it for a longer time than prescribed.

Side Effects :

  • Nausea, vomiting, constipation, dizziness, drowsiness, dry mouth, increased sweating, or tiredness may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen.
  • This medication may increase serotonin and rarely cause a very serious condition called serotonin syndrome/toxicity.
  • A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, get medical help right away if anyone notices any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, including rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.

Precautions :

  • This medicine may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems.
  • Before using this medication, tell your doctor your medical history, especially of: brain disorders, breathing problems, kidney disease, liver disease, disease of

the pancreas, gallbladder disease, mental/mood disorders, personal or family history of a substance use disorder, stomach/intestinal problems, difficulty urinating.

  • This drug may make you dizzy or drowsy.
  • During pregnancy, this medication should be used only when clearly needed. It may harm an unborn baby. Discuss the risks and benefits with the doctor.

Overdose :

Symptoms of overdose may include the following :

  • If someone has overdosed and has serious symptoms such as passing out or trouble breathing, give them naloxone if available.
  • Symptoms of overdose may include slow/shallow breathing, slow heartbeat, seizures, coma.
  • If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember. If it is near the time of the next dose, skip the missed dose. Take your next dose at the regular time. Do not double the dose to catch up.

Conclusion :

Tapentadol is not available worldwide and the market share specifically in the US is currently low in comparison to the substances with similar analgesic properties and abuse potential (e.g. morphine, oxycodone, hydromorphone), but expected to increase over the next years. Keep all appointments with your doctor and laboratory. Your doctor may order certain lab tests to check your body’s response to tapentadol. Before having any laboratory test (especially those that involve methylene blue), tell your doctor and the laboratory personnel that you are taking tapentadol. This prescription is not refillable. If you continue to have pain after you finish the medication, call your doctor. It is important for you to keep a written list of all of the prescription and nonprescription medicines you are taking, as well as any products such as vitamins, minerals, or other dietary supplements. You should bring this list with you each time you visit a doctor or if you are admitted to a hospital. It is also important information to carry with you in case of emergencies.