Balance should also be considered in the pursuit of efficiency
According to recent media reports, another group of institutions and entities from key universities have settled across provinces. The Security (Emergency) Research Institute co-established by Tianjin University settled in Wenzhou, the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College chose to build a core base in Suzhou, and the Weihai Institute of Oceanography of Peking University was established in Weihai. There are research statistics. As of the end of April 2020, domestic There are 53 “double first-class” construction universities with a total of 166 institutions in different places. Among them, a well-known university of science and technology in the western region has set up nearly 10 research institutes in Guangdong, Zhejiang, Shandong, Jiangsu, Anhui and other provinces and cities. Coastal cities represented by Shenzhen, Suzhou and Qingdao have continuously strengthened the concentration of higher education resources. In the past 20 years, individual cities have successively introduced more than 20 “double first-class” colleges and universities to run schools.
The “marriage” of well-known universities across provinces and cities has a profound background.
At present, colleges and universities are facing fierce “double first-class” index assessment and competition, and the performance of colleges and universities determines the acquisition of resources. Major cities are facing fierce competition for talents and pressure from economic development. In some cities, increasing investment in education and talents in order to gain a competitive advantage can be described as far-reaching. The cross-provincial alliance between universities and local governments, especially the resource combination of strong alliances, is realistic and inevitable. High-quality higher education resources are redistributed according to regional economic factors, forming a win-win situation between well-known universities and local governments, and finally achieving the matching of high-quality higher education resources with high-quality economic resources, which is also the driving force for the development of economy and education.
We are happy to see the regional free flow of higher education resources. At the same time, we cannot ignore some of the problems caused by the inter-provincial running of universities.
Colleges and Universities Run Schools across Provinces
Or further widen the gap in resources between colleges and universities. This round of colleges and universities running schools in different places showed two characteristics: famous colleges and universities moved to the southeast coastal cities, and provincial colleges and universities in the central and western provinces moved to the provincial capital. The eastern cities use the method of attracting investment to “recruit students and talents”, and the provincial and municipal governments are not hesitant to invest in attracting “double first-class” colleges and universities. However, most provincial universities and private schools currently do not have the strength, nor are they unconditional to seek remote development in well-known cities in the east. From the joint construction of the provinces and ministries in the past to the participation of the cities and regions in investment and inter-provincial education, the “double first-class” colleges and universities have received more resource support. This has also resulted in non-double first-class schools, local colleges and universities, and the gap between the “head” colleges and universities group has widened.
Thanks to Remote Teaching
Students’ course learning during the epidemic period is guaranteed, but it still cannot replace the real campus life and learning experience. At present, objectively speaking, some first-class universities are a little hasty in setting up research institutes in different places. One of the manifestations is that the shaping of the remote campus environment is not yet in place, which will make the students studying here lack a sense of belonging. It is true that for colleges and universities that are in urgent need of resources, running a school in a different place is a good strategy to alleviate operational pressure. Under the pressure of “double first-class” assessment and evaluation, the expansion of new channels is also the driving force for the expansion of universities themselves. In this way, the motivation to run a school just because of the acquisition of resources will tend to fade due to insufficient resources.
In Addition, Running Universities
Across provinces is a shortcut for local governments to leapfrog development of higher education. It can quickly make up for the shortcomings of local higher education and release the service and support effect of education on economic development as soon as possible. However, this may cause these places with higher education resources to miss the opportunity to develop higher education independently. The author believes that further support and construction of local universities are worthy of consideration by local governments.
For the above possible problems
It is necessary for universities and local governments to take joint action and take precautions. On the one hand, colleges and universities should conduct scientific planning and make institutional arrangements based on long-term considerations, put the talent training of each research institute in different places as the first priority, and integrate the promotion of local economic construction with Lide Shuren, and shoulder social responsibility about Besteconstuition. On the other hand, local governments should do what they can in attracting colleges and universities to run schools, and increase the process of argumentation, such as whether this will help expand local students’ enrollment and employment opportunities, and whether it will help promote the development and improvement of local colleges and universities. Local higher education ecology, etc.
The Dynamics of Universities
Running schools in different places also call for relevant departments to strengthen supervision and guidance. Accelerate the introduction of relevant management regulations, implement a filing mechanism, avoid the moral hazard of both parties to the contract, urge universities and local governments to fulfill their contractual responsibilities, and promote the joint efforts of both parties to do good things. In the past few years, the contribution of colleges and universities to poverty alleviation through education is obvious to all. In the future, special funds or policies may be set up at the national level to guide first-class colleges and universities to march into the Midwest and the countryside, establish research institutes related to rural revitalization, and help implement national strategies. This can also balance the tendency of excessive higher education resources to gather in developed regions.